Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) concerns itself with treating the head and neck. Within this area titanium, 3D printed implants for cranio maxillofacial surgery (CMF) and Orthognathic surgery are the most prevalent. In cranio maxillofacial surgery unique patient-specific implants and plates are made. Patients often have to have partial facial reconstruction, and in this complicated procedure, the printed parts essentially give the patient back more function and form in their faces. During the surgery, risk is abated by ensuring that the surgeon knows where certain drill locations are and that these match her intent. Essentially guides and plates mean that the roadmap made in surgical planning is enforced through a physical guide on a patient’s face. In orthognathic surgery (corrective jaw surgery) specific plates are made to fit a patient to correct a cleft lip, cleft palate or other jaw issues. Additionally, patient-specific implants are available for orbital reconstructive surgery, mandible reconstructive surgery and cranial reconstruction.
Titanium hip implants are the most popular orthopaedic procedure carried out with metal 3D printed parts. Acetabular cups are printed to size while the surface texture of the cup can be changed. Significantly less expensive than the CNC and plasma coating process it replaces. 3D printing also promotes osseointegration through the surface texture of the implant. Lately, patient-specific acetabular cups have been implemented as well. Tens of thousands of patients have been helped by procedures to correct acetabular defects and research has shown that shorter operations have given surgeon and patient alike excellent results.